5 C yberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic tech- nology. Electronic technology in- cludes devices and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites. Examples of cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social net- working sites, and embarrassing pic- tures, videos, websites, or fake profiles. Why Cyberbullying is Different Kids who are being cyberbullied are often bullied in person as well. Additionally, kids who are cyberbullied have a harder time getting away from the behavior. • Cyberbullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone. It can happen any time of the day or night. • Cyberbullying messages and images can be posted anonymously and dis- tributed quickly to a very wide audi- ence. It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source. • Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is ex- tremely difficult after they have been posted or sent. Effects of Cyberbullying Cell phones and computers themselves are not to blame for cyberbullying. Social media sites can be used for positive activities, like connecting kids with friends and family, helping stu- dents with school, and for entertain- ment. But these tools can also be used to hurt other people. Whether done in person or through technology, the effects of bullying are similar. Kids who are cyberbullied are more likely to: • Use alcohol and drugs • Skip school • Experience in-person bullying • Be unwilling to attend school • Receive poor grades • Have lower self-esteem • Have more health problems Frequency of Cyberbullying The 2014–2015 School Crime Supplement (National Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of Justice Statistics) indicates that, nationwide, about 21% of students ages 12-18 experienced bullying. The 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveil- lance System (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) also indicates that an estimated 16% of high school students were bullied electronically in the 12 months prior to the survey. Prevent Cyberbullying Be Aware of What Your Kids are Doing Online Talk with your kids about cyberbully- ing and other online issues regularly. • Know the sites your kids visit and their online activities. Ask where they’re going, what they’re doing, and who they’re doing it with. • Tell your kids that as a responsible parent you may review their online communications if you think there is reason for concern. Installing parental control filtering software or monitoring programs are one option for monitoring your child’s online behavior, but do not rely solely on these tools. • Have a sense of what they do online and in texts. Learn about the sites they like. Try out the devices they use. • Ask for their passwords, but tell them you’ll only use them in case of emer- gency. • Ask to “friend” or “follow” your kids on social media sites or ask another trusted adult to do so. • Encourage your kids to tell you immedi- ately if they, or someone they know, is being cyberbullied. Explain that you will not take away their computers or cell phones if they confide in you about a problem they are having. Establish Rules about Technology Use Establish rules about appropriate use of computers, cell phones, and other technology. For example, be clear about what sites they can visit and what they are permitted to do when they’re online. Show them how to be safe online. Help them be smart about what they post or say. Tell them not to share anything that could hurt or embarrass themselves or others. Once something is posted, it is out of their control whether someone else will forward it. Encourage kids to think about who they want to see the information and pictures they post online. Should complete strangers see it? Real friends only? Friends of friends? Think about how people who aren’t friends could use it. Tell kids to keep their passwords safe and not share them with friends. Sharing passwords can compromise their control over their online identi- ties and activities. Understand School Rules Some schools have developed policies on uses of technology that may affect the child’s online behavior in and out of the classroom. Ask the school if they have developed a policy. What is Cyberbullying? https://www.stopbullying.gov/index.html WELL-BEING Report Cyberbullying when it happens Parents and kids can prevent cyberbullying. Together, they can explore safe ways to use technology.